When we speak or write we use words. We usually use these words in groups. But any group of words will not necessarily express a complete thought;

the hill went up and Jack Jill

Does this group of words make sense? No, it does not. Now arrange these words in their proper order and write :

Jack and Jill went up the hill.

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This makes complete sense. A group of words that makes complete sense is called a Sentence.

An aeroplane flies in the air.

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Sentences can vày four kinds of things. A sentence can —

Make a statement’, as,The sun rises in the east.(Affirmative)The sun does not move round the earth.(Negative)A sentence that states or declares something is called an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.Ask a question; as,Does the sun rise in the east? Who does not love his country?A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogam e Sentence.Express some command, request, entreaty or wish; as,Shut the door. (Command) Lend me your pen, please. {Request)Help me, O God. {Entreaty) God save the Queen. {Wish)A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an entreaty or a desire is called an Imperative Sentence.Express some strong or sudden feeling; as,How hot it is! What a foolish boy you are!A sentence that expresses some strong or sudden feeling is called an Exclamatory Sentence.

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NOTE: From the above, it is clear that —

Every sentence begins with a capital letter.A Full Stop (.) is placed at the kết thúc of every Declarative or ImperativeA Question Mark (?) is placed at the kết thúc of every InterrogativeAn Exclamation Mark (!) is placed at the kết thúc of every Exclamatory

Exercise 1: Write out the following sentences so that they make sense:

Elephant, an the, animal, largest isa, noise, make, do, notand, milk, butter, cheese, are, made, toolssweet, how, rose, this, smellsa, year, months, how, many, are, in, theregirl, what, are, you, a, cleverflower, from, to flower, fly, beesblames, a, workman, bad, his, fromwife, children, and, he, his, care, takes, ofhis, country, love, does, who, not

Exercise 2: Say whether each of the following sentences is assertive imperative, interrogative or exclamatory,

Keep off the grass.What nonsense you talk!God save our Queen.Let us keep our promise.Have you lost your book?How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!What a piece of work is man!Honesty is the best policy.Do not depend too much on the help of others.The earth goes around the sun.Mind your own business.How old is your elder sister?What a beautiful night it is!May God bless you with health.What is the time by your watch?Lend me your pen, please.What a fool you are!Animals vị not laugh.You must never lie or cheat.No news is good news.