Talking about yourself generally leads people to lớn start asking about your family.

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Have you noticed how people love talking about them? I know I do, & I’m sure you bởi vì too.

Here are some general vocabulary terms and phrases in English you’ll need lớn tell everyone about your awesome family!


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How to Talk Effortlessly About Your Family in English

People generally begin a conversation about family with a simple “Do you have any family around here?” or “Tell me about your family.” If that’s the case, you can give a short mô tả tìm kiếm that tells the other person how big is your family is and maybe where they live.

Here’s an example:

There are six people in my family—me, my parents, brother và two sisters & we live in .

This gives a general picture of your family and gets the conversation going.

And depending on where that conversation takes you, you’ll want to lớn have the following words in your arsenal!

Terms khổng lồ Describe Types of Family Structures

You’ll need to lớn be familiar with family structures to accurately describe your family members.

Your immediate family—talking about those closest lớn you

Typical questions in this type of situation are “How big is your family?” or “Do you have any brothers or sisters?” When people ask this, they usually want to know about your immediate family. Your immediate family refers to lớn the relatives (family members) closest lớn you and who may or may not live with you.

If you’re single, your immediate family will include your parentsfather & mother—and your siblingsbrothers & sisters. You and your siblings are your parents’ children. A male child is a son and a female child is a daughter.

Maybe your parents are no longer married lớn each other. If your dad marries someone else, his new wife will be your step-mother and if your mom remarries, her new husband will be your step-father. The children your step-mother or step-father already have will then become your step-brothersstep-sisters.

When you marry, you’ll have a family of your own. Your immediate family will then be your spouse—husband or wife—and children—sons và daughters. If you’re a woman, your spouse would be your husband and if you’re a man, your spouse would be your wife.

Your extended family—discussing other family members related by blood

People might ask questions like “Do you live with your grandparents?” or “How often vì you see your cousins?” when they’re interested in finding out about your extended family. Your extended family includes relatives like your grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins.

The parents of your father and mother are your grandparentsgrandfather & grandmother. Your mother’s parents are your maternal grandparents while your father’s parents are your paternal grandparents. Và you are their grandson or granddaughter.

If your parents have brothers & sisters, then you have uncles and aunts. Your uncle is the brother of your father or mother và your aunt is your mother or father’s sister.

The children of your uncles & aunts are your cousins. Your male cousin would be your parents’ nephew and your female cousin would be their niece.

Your family by marriage—discussing family related lớn your spouse

When you marry, your family grows bigger. You now have a new mix of relatives from your spouse’s side of the family called your in-laws. Isn’t that exciting?

A question you might hear is “Does your spouse come from a big family?” The conversation might not go this way, but if it does, you’ll be ready!

Your spouse’s father will become your father-in-law, and your spouse’s mother will be your mother-in-law. If your spouse has a brother, he’ll become your brother-in-law and your spouse’s sister will be your sister-in-law. The children of your brothers- và sisters-in-law will then become your nephewsnieces.

All right, let’s move on to some useful expressions you can use to talk about your family relationships.

12 Expressions You’ll Need lớn Understand and Use khổng lồ Describe Your Family

to look like

To look like means to lớn resemble someone physically or khổng lồ be similar in appearance to lớn someone.

If you’re tall with big eyes lượt thích your older sister, you’d say, “I look like my older sister.”

to lớn take after

To take after means khổng lồ look or behave (act) lượt thích someone older than you in your family.

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Some of your family may walk, talk or even smile just like another family member. So if your father & sister both like to gesture with (move) their hands when talking, you’d say, “My sister takes after my father in the way she waves her hands around when she talks.”

to lớn run in the family

To run in the family refers khổng lồ a quality, ability or skill that’s shared by all or many of your family members. Some families may have lots of members who are good at sports, music, cooking, etc.

It could also be that many of your family members have thick curly hair, so then you’d say “Thick curly hair runs in my family.”

lượt thích father, lượt thích son

In many cases, a son’s character or behavior closely resembles (is similar to) that of his father. For example, if both your father & brother like to spend their money wisely, you’d say, “He spends money like his dad—like father, lượt thích son.”

Another expression that’s similar in meaning is a chip off the old block. In this expression, the chip refers to lớn a small piece of wood (the son) that’s part of a bigger piece or the block (the father). So then you’d say “My brother is a chip off the old block.”

Both of the above expressions are generally used when referring to male members of the family.

khổng lồ have something in common

The expression to have something in common refers lớn two or more people in a family sharing similar interests, likes và dislikes.

If you’re asked, “What bởi you và your family lượt thích to do?” you could talk about your shared interests. “My siblings, cousins và I have many things in common. We enjoy camping, cycling & playing board games.”

The opposite of this would be “I don’t have much in common with my brothers. They’re much older than me và we have different interests.”

to be named after

To be named after someone is to lớn give someone the same name (usually the same first name) as an older family member. This is commonly done in honor và respect for the older person.

For example, if you say, “I was named after my grandmother,” it would mean you have the same name as your grandmother. So if your grandmother’s name is Esther, your name would also be Esther.

to get along with

To get along with means lớn have a good relationship with someone.

If you say, “I get along very well with my younger sister,” it means you agree on many things và have a good relationship. The opposite would be “I don’t get along with my cousin,” which means the relationship between you and your cousin isn’t very good.

khổng lồ be on good terms

To be on good terms also means to have a good relationship with someone.

If you & your sister get along very well, then you’d say, “I’m on good terms with my sister.” The opposite would be “I’m not on good terms with my cousin.” If you và your cousin are not even talking to each other, you’d say, “I’m not on speaking terms with my cousin.”

to lớn be close to

To be close to means that you have a close relationship that cannot easily be broken.

If you say, “I’m very close to my mother and sister,” you’re saying that the three of you enjoy being together, get along very well & have a strong relationship.

khổng lồ look up to

To look up to means lớn respect & admire someone else.

If you say, “I’ve always looked up to my older brother,” it means you respect & admire the things he says and does.

to lớn get together

To get together means khổng lồ meet up và do things together.

If someone asks you, “How often vày you see your family?” you might say, “We get together every weekend lớn play soccer, watch a movie or eat pizza.”

khổng lồ start a family

To start a family means to start having children. You might hear your parents ask you, “When are you and your husband/wife going lớn start a family? I want grandchildren!”

Or maybe your brother just sent a text & so you call your best friend saying, “I just heard that my brother & sister-in-law are planning to start a family. That means I’m going khổng lồ become an aunt (or uncle) soon!”

So there, now you’re ready lớn answer any question about your family, whether you’re on that summer vacation or at that weekend barbecue.

Don’t just memorize these words, though. The best way to learn family vocabulary is khổng lồ see them used by real English speakers.

You can vì that by reading English books, listening to English music or watching English videos. These resources can show you other vocabulary và phrases that you would want to use in daily conversation. They can also describe the situations in which certain expressions or terms are appropriate.

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Certain language learning programs can also help you learn everyday phrases in context. One example is, which uses authentic English videos that are made for and by native speakers. Each clip comes with interactive subtitles that explain any word or expression used, và you can review vocabulary with flashcards và quizzes.

The more you practice, the more you can talk freely about your lovely family. Và if any of your relatives are about to lớn start their own family, you’ll have more parties khổng lồ attend and more opportunities to lớn use this awesome vocabulary!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient & portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to lớn get a copy. (Download)